, “great amīr ”, title which had originally been granted in the Mamlūk kingdom to “all those who had seniority in service and in years”. Consequently there was a whole group of amīrs of which every individual was called al-amīr al-kabīr . In the days of S̲h̲ayk̲h̲ūn al-ʿUmarī (752/1352) the title became reserved for the commander-in-chief ( atābak al-ʿasākir ) of the kingdom. From that date onward it became the most common title of the commander-in-chief beside that of his rank.
M. van Berchem, CIA, l’Égypte, 276, 290, 452, 593
Maḳrīzī, Histoire des Sultans Mamlo…