Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(440 words)

, in medieval Latin Alembic, is the name for that part of the distilling apparatus which is also called "head" or "cap". The word was borrowed from Greek ἄμβιξ. Al-anbīḳ occurs as early as the 10th century in a translation of Dioscorides, in the Mafātīḥ al-ʿUlūm and in al-Rāzī. The anbīḳ is often referred to as "one of the apparatuses used in distilling rose-water".

The complete distilling apparatus consists of three parts: the "cucurbit" ( ḳarʿa ), the "head" or "cap" (anbīḳ) and the "receiver" ( ḳābila ). Modern retorts have the "cap" and the "cucurbit" made into one. —Illustra…

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Wiedemann, E. and Plessner, M., “al-Anbīḳ”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 31 March 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_0663>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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