Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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al-As̲h̲ʿarī, Abu ’l-Ḥasan
(958 words)

, ʿalī b. ismāʿīl , theologian, and founder of the school of orthodox theology which bears his name. He is said to have been born in 260/873-4 at Baṣra, and was ninth in descent from the Companion Abū Mūsā al-As̲h̲ʿarī. Little is known of his life. He was one of the best pupils of al-Ḏj̲ubbāʾī, head of the Muʿtazila in Baṣra, and might have succeeded him, had he not left the Muʿtazila for the party of the orthodox traditionists (ahl al-sunna). This change or conversion is placed in 300/912-3. In later life he moved to Baghdād, and died there in 324/935-6.

The story of al-As̲h̲ʿarī’s conversion …

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Watt, W. Montgomery, “al-As̲h̲ʿarī, Abu ’l-Ḥasan”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 29 September 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_0780>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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