Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(391 words)

, the most suitable or fitting, a term used by theologians in a technical sense. The "upholders of the aṣlaḥ " were a group of the Muʿtazila who held that God did what was best for mankind. It is nowhere stated who composed the group. Abu ’l-Hud̲h̲ayl held that God did what was. best for men. Al-Naẓẓām introduced the refinement that there were an infinite number of equally good. alternatives, any of which God might adopt instead of acting as He does; in this way he avoided the implication that God’s power is finit…

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Watt, W. Montgomery, “al-Aṣlaḥ”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 20 September 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_0811>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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