Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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al-ʿAyyās̲h̲ī
(192 words)

, abu ’l-naṣr muḥammad b. masʿūd b. muḥammad b. ʿayyās̲h̲ , a S̲h̲īʿite writer of the 3rd/9th century. He was a native of Samarḳand, and was said to have been descended from the tribe of Tamīm. Originally a Sunnī, he was converted while still young to S̲h̲īʿism, and studied under the disciples of ʿAlī b. al-Ḥasan b. Faḍḍāl (d. 224/839-al-Ṭūsī 93) and of ʿAbd Allāh b. Muḥammad b. Ḵh̲ālid al-Ṭayālisī (al-Astarābādī, 211). He spent his patrimony of over 300,000 dīnārs on scholarship and tradition, and his house was a centre of S̲h̲īʿite learning. He is credited wi…

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Lewis, B., “al-ʿAyyās̲h̲ī”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 03 July 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_0928>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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