Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(315 words)

, ancient site of Palmyrena, well known in the Umayyad period. Al-Walīd II is. known to have stayed there on several occasions and died there in 126/744. The Arab sources describe the military camp ( fusṭāṭ ) which the Persians are said to have erected there in former times and the inner castle ( ḳaṣr ) where the Companion al-Nuʿmān b. Bas̲h̲īr lived and in which the Caliph, besieged by the rebels, took refuge. The site has been identified with the ruins of al-Bk̲h̲ara, standing 25 km. to the south of Palmyra, visited and described by A. Musil in 1…

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Sourdel-Thomine, J., “al-Bak̲h̲rāʾ”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 22 March 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_1089>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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