Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(4,698 words)

, (“the marshland”), the name applied to a meadowlike depression which is exposed to more or less regular inundation and is therefore swampy. It is particularly applied by the Arab authors of the ʿAbbāsid period to the very extensive swampy area on the lower course of the Euphrates and Tigris between Kūfa and Wāṣiṭ in the north and Baṣra in the south, also frequently called al-Baṭāʾiḥ (plural of al-Baṭīḥa) and occasionally, after the adjoining towns, the Baṭīhat ( Baṭāʾiḥ ) al-Kūfa , al-Wāṣiṭ or al-Baṣra .

The existence of considerable swamps in southern Babylonia goes back to hi…

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Streck, M. and Ali, Saleh A. el-, “al-Baṭīḥa”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 05 June 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0104>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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