Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(2,144 words)

( bērūnī ) abū ’l-rayḥān muḥammad b. aḥmad , also sometimes called by the niṣba al-ḵh̲wārizmī by certain Arabic authors (e.g., Yāḳūt) and also, at the risk of a confusion of names, by some modern Orientalists (see al-ḵh̲wārizmī), was one of the greatest scholars of mediaeval Islam, and certainly the most original and profound. He was equally well versed in the mathematical, astronomie, physical and natural sciences and also distinguished himself as a geographer and historian, chronologist and linguist and as an impartial observer of customs and creeds. He is known as al-Ustād̲h̲ , “the…

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Boilot, D.J., “al-Bīrūnī”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 24 May 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_1438>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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