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al- D̲j̲awharī
(1,593 words)

, Abū Naṣr Ismāʿīl ( b. Naṣr ?) b. Ḥammād , a celebrated Arabic lexicographer of Turkish origin, born in the town (or: in the province) of Fārāb [q.v.] (whence his nisba al-Fārābī), situated east of the Sir-Daryā. In later times, Fārāb was called Otrār or Oṭrār.

The date of his birth is unknown. For the year of his death most sources give either 393/1002-3 or 398/1007-8, while others mention 397/1006-7 or about 400/1009-10. The first date (or even earlier ones; see Rosenthal) is made doubtful by the statement of Yāḳūt that he had seen an autograph copy of al-D̲j̲awharī’s Ṣiḥāḥ dated 396.


Cite this page
Kopf, L., “al-D̲j̲awharī”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 19 October 2018 <>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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