Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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al-D̲j̲idd wa ’l-Hazl
(1,116 words)

“seriousness and joking”, a common combination of antithetical terms which have a certain resonance in Muslim ethics and the Arabic literary genre known as adab . Although only the second of these words occurs in the Ḳurʾān, without implication of any kind, while its antonym d̲j̲idd and its synonym muzāḥ do not appear there at all, and although the Ḳurʾān does not explicitly prescribe either serious behaviour or the avoidance of jocularity, Islam without necessarily inspiring sadness and tears in spite of its pessimistic view of This world her…

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Pellat, Ch., “al-D̲j̲idd wa ’l-Hazl”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 24 May 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_2071>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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