Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(1,324 words)

abū isḥāḳ : ibrāhīm b. muḥammad al-fārisī al-kark̲h̲ī . one of the first and most important representatives of the new trends adopted by Arabo-Muslim geography in the 4th/10th century.

His biography is unknown, or almost so. If the various forms of his nisba are to be believed, he was a native of Fārs and, more precisely, of Iṣṭak̲h̲r. Following Yāḳūt, orientalism has infact accepted the nisba al-Iṣṭak̲h̲rī. but others, in particular Ibn Ḥawḳal, his direct continuator, designate him by the nisba al-Fārisī. Al-Muḳaddasī, who does the same, also adds the nisba al-Kark̲h̲ī (ed. De Goeje…

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Miquel, A., “al-Iṣṭak̲h̲rī”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 17 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_3673>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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