Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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, one of the two main Arab tribes in Medina. With the other tribe, al-Aws [q.v.], it formed the Banū Ḳayla in pre-Islamic times and the Anṣār [q.v.] or “helpers” (sc. of Muḥammad) under Islam. The ancestors of al-K̲h̲azrad̲j̲ are given under al-Aws. The following are the main subdivisions of the tribe:

Al-K̲h̲azrad̲j̲ and al-Aws settled together in Yat̲h̲rib or Medina after leaving the Yemen, and for a time were subordinate to the Jews there. The leader in gaining independence from the Jews was Mālik b. al-ʿAd̲j̲lān of the clan of Sālim (Ḳawāḳila) of al-K̲h̲azrad̲j̲. …

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Watt, W. Montgomery, “al-K̲h̲azrad̲j̲”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 26 September 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_4274>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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