Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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al- Kūfa
(7,537 words)

, one of the two cities ( miṣr [q.v.]), along with Baṣra [q.v.], founded in ʿIrāḳ by early Islam A permanent military establishment of the Arabs in Mesopotamia, Kūfa retained the whole of the ʿIrāḳī Sawād [q.v.] under its control. It participated actively in the Islamic expansion into Iranian territory, and, throughout the 1st/7th century, was a hotbed of intense political ferment. It was there also, as at Baṣra, that there took place for three centuries the gestation of Arabo-Islamic civilisation and culture. Then Kūfa experienced decline and ruin; today only a few traces rema…

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Djaït, Hichem, “al-Kūfa”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 25 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0536>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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