Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(8,834 words)

(a.), “the rightly guided one” is the name of the restorer of religion and justice who, according to a widely held Muslim belief, will rule before the end of the world. The present article will trace the history of this belief and will deal with the political history of Mahdist movements only in so far as relevant (for the Sudanese movement, see al-mahdiyya).

Origin and early development during the Umayyad age. The term mahdī as such does not occur in the Ḳurʾān; but the name is clearly derived from the Arabic root h-d-y commonly used in it in the meaning of divine guidance. As an hon…

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Madelung, W., “al-Mahdī”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 22 May 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0618>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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