(476 words)

, a town in the Democratic Republic of the Sudan, located in S̲h̲andī District, western bank of the Nile, opposite S̲h̲andī town [q.v.]. The number of households there in 1973 was 1,108.

Its origins are unknown, but its development was closely connected with caravan traffic that crossed the Nile there, and its status as a sister-town of S̲h̲andī is indicated by the fact that it was also known as S̲h̲andī al-G̲h̲arb. At the end of the 18th century it became involved in the upheavals of the Fund̲j̲ kingdom [q.v.]; and around 1801 a rival faction of the Saʿdāb royal family of S̲h̲andī…

Cite this page
Bjørkelo, A., “al-Matamma”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 18 October 2018 <>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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