Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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, al-Malik , the title of several Ayyūbid princes. Among these the most important and intriguing figure is doubtless al-Malik al-Muʿaẓẓam S̲h̲araf al-Dīn ʿĪsā b. al-Malik al-ʿĀdil Abī Bakr b. Ayyūb b. S̲h̲ād̲h̲ī b. Marwān. Born in Cairo in 576/1180, he was made ruler of Damascus in 594/1198, a position which he retained until his death from natural causes in 624/1227. Al-Muʿaẓẓam’s career as prince of Damascus, especially its last six years, illustrates with extraordinary clarity the political dynamics of the Ayyūbid confederation’s middle phase between the death of Ṣalāḥ al-Dīn [q.v.…

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Humphreys, R.S., “al-Muʿaẓẓam”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 06 March 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_5288>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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