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al- Rayy
(3,224 words)

, the ancient Rag̲h̲ā, a city in the old Persian region of Media, during Islamic times in the province of D̲j̲ibāl [q.v.].

Its ruins may be seen about 5 miles south-southeast of Tehran [q.v.] to the south of a spur projecting from Elburz into the plain. The village and sanctuary of S̲h̲āh ʿAbd al-ʿAẓīm lie immediately south of the ruins. The geographical importance of the town lies in the fact that it was situated in the fertile zone which lies between the mountains and the desert, by which from time immemorial communication has taken place betwee…

Cite this page
Minorsky, V. and Bosworth, C.E., “al-Rayy”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 16 October 2018 <>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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