Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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al-Ruk̲h̲k̲h̲ad̲j̲
(602 words)

(in Ḥudūd al-ʿālam , tr. Minorsky, 111, 121, Ruk̲h̲ud̲h̲; in al-Muḳaddasī, 50, 297, Ruk̲h̲ūd, perhaps to be read as Ruk̲h̲wad̲h̲), the name given in early Islamic times to the region of southeastern Afghanistan around the later city of Ḳandahār [q.v.] and occupying the lower basin of the Arg̲h̲andāb river (see D. Balland, EIr art. Arḡandāb ). The Islamic name preserves that of the classical Arachosia, through which Alexander the Great passed on his Indian expedition in 330 B.C. (see PW, ii/1, cols. 367-8 (W. Tomaschek)), which is itself a hellenisation of Old Pers. Harak̲…

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Bosworth, C.E., “al-Ruk̲h̲k̲h̲ad̲j̲”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 06 December 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_6328>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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