, the name of several places in the Islamic world, from Cordova in the west to Nīs̲h̲āpūr in the east (see Yāḳūt, Buldān , ed. Beirut, iii, 46-50).
Amongst the Ruṣāfa settlements of ʿIrāḳ were:
1. Ruṣāfat Abi ’l-ʿAbbās (ʿAbd Allāh al-Saffāḥ), begun by the first ʿAbbāsid caliph in lower ʿIrāḳ on the banks of the Euphrates, near al-Anbār [q.v.], and probably identical with that town called al-Hās̲h̲imiyya.
Yaʿḳūbī, Buldān, 237, tr. Wiet, 9
Yāḳūt, Buldān, iii, 46.
2. al-Ruṣāfa, the name of a quarter of the city of Bag̲h̲dād [q.v.] founded soon after the caliph al-Manṣūr [q.v.] buil…