Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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al-Ṣaḳāliba
(9,736 words)

, sing. Ṣaḳlabī, Ṣiḳlabī, the designation in mediaeval Islamic sources for the Slavs and other fair-haired, ruddy-complexioned peoples of Northern Europe (see A.Z. Velidi Togan, Die Schwerter der Germanen , 19-38).

1. The Ṣaḳāliba of Northern and Eastern Europe.

The actual name was a borrowing from Middle Greek Σλάβος, “Slav.” this, in turn, is to be connected with the self-designation of the Slavs, Slověne (cf. the Rus’ usage Slověne, Slovyane , Sloven’ski̊y yazi̊k “Slavs”, “Slavic nation” in the Povest’ vremyanni̊k̲h̲ let , in PSRL, i, 5-6, 28, Mod. Russ. Slavyane , Ukr. Slov’yani̊ ,…

Cite this page
Golden, P.B., Bosworth, C.E., Guichard, P. and Meouak, Mohamed, “al-Ṣaḳāliba”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 23 September 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0978>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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