Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(454 words)

(a. “the back”), the collective name, not particularly widespread, of the chains of mountains which run from the Gulf of ʿAḳaba down to the Gulf of Aden [see al-ʿarab , D̲j̲azīrat, ii]. The word sarāt occurs quite often in the construct state, as in sarāt al-azd, sarāt al-hān , etc. In both Saudi Arabia and in Yemen, al-Sarāt separates the lowlands along the Red Sea [see al-g̲h̲awr ; tihāma ] from the high plateau. The commonest view in the Arab sources is that al-Sarāt is identical with al-Ḥid̲j̲āz [q.v.] “the barrier”. As a whole, the chains of mountains are cut up into large and…

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Grohmann, A. and Donzel, E. van, “al-Sarāt”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 26 April 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_6626>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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