al-S̲h̲awkānī
(125 words)

, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī b. Muḥammad, writer, teacher and muftī in Ṣanʿāʾ (ca. 1173-1255/1760-1839). His opinions and his writings are seen as foreshadowing the Islamic modernism of the first half of the 20th century. Ras̲h̲īd Riḍā [q.v.] regarded him as the mud̲j̲addid “regenerator”, of the 12th century A.H. ( Tafsīr al-Manār , vii, 144). Many of his books exist in modern (sometimes uncritical) editions. In his al-Ḳawl al-mufīd fī adillat al-id̲j̲tihād wa ’l-taḳlīd (Cairo, Muṣṭafā al-Ḥalabī) he argues that it is not necessary to follow one of the established Islamic schools of law or mad̲h̲āh…

Cite this page
Jansen, J.J.G., “al-S̲h̲awkānī”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 10 December 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_6875>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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