Amīr al-Ḥād̲jd̲j̲
(538 words)

, leader of the caravan of pilgrims to Mecca. In 9/630, after which date non-Muslims were excluded from the ḥad̲j̲d̲j̲ , the Prophet nominated Abū Bakr to conduct the pilgrimage and to prevent pagans from taking part in it. In 10/631 he presided over it himself. There-after this duty belonged directly to the caliphs, who either undertook it themselves or nominated an official to act in their place (e.g. the Governor of Mecca or Medina, a high official etc.). When the authority of the Caliph was disputed, there wer…

Cite this page
Jomier, J., “Amīr al-Ḥād̲jd̲j̲”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 12 December 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_0612>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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