Amīr al-Muʾminīn
(638 words)

, “Commander of the Believers” (the translation “Prince of the Believers” is neither philologically nor historically correct), title adopted by ʿUmar b. al-Ḵh̲aṭṭāb on his election as caliph. Amīr , as a term designating a person invested with command ( amr ), and more especially military command, is in this general sense compounded with al-muʾminīn to designate the leaders of various Muslim expeditions both in the lifetime of the Prophet and after, e.g. Saʿd b. Abī Waḳḳāṣ [q.v.], the commander of the Muslim army against the Persians at Ḳādisiyya. Its adoption as a title…

Cite this page
Gibb, H.A.R., “Amīr al-Muʾminīn”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 24 February 2019 <>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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