Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(1,203 words)

, a Persian word already in frequent use in the S̲h̲āh-nāma of Firdawsi (5th/11th century) in the sense of "meeting, assembly, army". In modern times, it denoted primarily religious or confessional associations; then, at the beginning of the 20th century, at the time of the establishment of the parliamentary régime in Irān, political groups. One of the most celebrated of these groups was the and̲j̲uman-i millī ("national club") of Tabrīz, founded 1 Ramaḍān 1324/17 December 1906, by the leaders of the constitutional movement; other groups, moved by the same li…

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Massé, H., B. Llewis and F. Rahman, “And̲j̲uman”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 14 August 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_0667>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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