(835 words)

(Turkish Erdebīl). A district and a town in eastern Ād̲h̲arbāyd̲j̲ān. The town is located at 48° 17ʹ E. long. (Greenw.) and 38° 15ʹ N. lat. The distance to Tabrīz is 210 km. by road, and it is 40 km. to the Soviet frontier. The altitude of the town is 4,500 ft. above sea level, and it is situated on a circular plateau surrounded by mountains. The district ( s̲h̲ahristān ), of which the town is the capital, comprises four counties ( bak̲h̲s̲h̲ ), capital county, Namīn, Āstārā, and Garmī.

There are few trees around the town and irrigation is necessary for cultivation. Some 20 m. west…

Cite this page
Frye, R.N., “Ardabīl”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 10 December 2018 <>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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