Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(114 words)

(Berb.), argan-tree (argania spinosa or argania sideroxylon), a tree of the family Sapotaceae which grows on the southern coast of Morocco. A shrub with hard, tough wood, it produces a stone whose kernel, when ground, yields a much-valued oil; the oil-cakes are given to cattle.

The word is also known to some of the Arabic-speakers of Morocco, but they look upon it as a loan-word.


Ibn al-Bayṭār, no. 1248

L. Brunot, Textes arabes de Rabat, ii, Glossary, Paris 1952, 6-7

V. Monteil, Contribution ŕ l’étude de la flore du Sahara occidental, ii, Paris 1953, no. 409 (with a bibl.)


Cite this page
Ed., “Argan”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 24 September 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_0719>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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