(Berb.), argan-tree (argania spinosa or argania sideroxylon), a tree of the family Sapotaceae which grows on the southern coast of Morocco. A shrub with hard, tough wood, it produces a stone whose kernel, when ground, yields a much-valued oil; the oil-cakes are given to cattle.
The word is also known to some of the Arabic-speakers of Morocco, but they look upon it as a loan-word.
Ibn al-Bayṭār, no. 1248
L. Brunot, Textes arabes de Rabat, ii, Glossary, Paris 1952, 6-7
V. Monteil, Contribution ŕ l’étude de la flore du Sahara occidental, ii, Paris 1953, no. 409 (with a bibl.)