Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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ʿĀriyya
(259 words)

(a.) or ʿāriya , also iʿāra , the loan of non-fungible objects ( prêt à usage, commodatum ). It is distinguished as a separate contract from the ḳarḍ or loan of money or other fungible objects ( prêt de consommation, mutuum ). It is defined as putting some one temporarily and gratuitously in possession of the use of a thing, the substance of which is not consumed by its use. The intended use must be lawful. It is a charitable contract and therefore "recommended" ( mandūb ), and the beneficiary or borrower enjoys the privileged position of a trustee ( amīn ); he is not, in principle, responsibl…

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Ed., “ʿĀriyya”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 04 August 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_0726>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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