(1,116 words)

The name is usually applied in Islamic times to the district in Transcaucasia between the Kur (Kura) and Aras (Araks) Rivers. In pre-Islamic times, however, the term was used for all of eastern Transcaucasia (present Soviet Azerbaijan), i.e. Classical Albania (cf. article “Albania” in Pauly-Wissowa). By the 15th century A.D. the name Arrān was not in common parlance, for the territory was absorbed into Ād̲h̲arbāyd̲j̲ān.

The origin of the name Arrān, Georgian Rani , Greek ’Αλβανοὶ, and Armenian Alwankʿ (people), is unknown. (In some Classical authors one finds the fo…

Cite this page
Frye, R.N., “Arrān”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 12 December 2018 <>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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