Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Aṣḥāb al-Rass
(166 words)

, “the people of the ditch” or “of the well”, are twice mentioned in the Ḳurʾān (xxv, 38; L, 12), along with ʿĀd, T̲h̲amūd and other unbelievers. The commentators know nothing for certain about them, and so give widely divergent explanations and all manner of fantastic accounts. Some take al-Rass to be a geographical name (cf. Yāḳūt, s.v.); some hold that these people, a remnant of T̲h̲amūd, cast (rassa) their prophet Ḥanẓala into a well ( rass ) and were consequently exterminated. It is also related that the mountain of the bird ʿAnḳāʾ [q.v.] was situated in their region. Al-Ṭabarī men…

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Wensinck, A.J., “Aṣḥāb al-Rass”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 18 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_0774>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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