Aṣḥāb al-Raʾy
(436 words)

, also ahl al-raʾy , the partisans of personal opinion, a term of deprecation applied by the ahl al-ḥadit̲h̲ [q.v.] to their opponents among the specialists in religious law. Raʾy [q.v.] originally meant “sound opinion”, and was used of the element of human reasoning, whether strictly systematic [see ḳiyās] or more personal and arbitrary [see istiḥsān], which the early specialists used in order to arrive at decisions on points of religious law. The ahl al-ḥadīth , however, who rose in opposition to the ancient schools of religious law, regarded this as illegitimate; in…

Cite this page
Schacht, J., “Aṣḥāb al-Raʾy”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 10 December 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_0775>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

▲   Back to top   ▲