(217 words)

, daughter of the caliph Abū Bakr by his wife Ḳutayla bint ʿAbd al-ʿUzzā of ʿĀmir b. Luʾayy. She was the elder half-sister of ʿĀʾis̲h̲a, and one of the early converts to Islam in Mecca. At the time of Muḥammad’s flight from Mecca with Abū Bakr, she tore her girdle in two to serve for the Prophet’s provision-bag and the strap of his water-skin; this is the traditional explanation of her nickname Ḏh̲āt al-Niṭāḳayn , "She of the Two Girdles". After the Hid̲j̲ra she was married to al-Zubayr b. al-ʿAwwām [q.v.], and their son ʿAbd Allāh was reputedly the first child born in the Muslim com…

Cite this page
Gibb, H.A.R., “Asmāʾ”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 13 December 2018 <>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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