Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(156 words)

(Attock), a fort in West Pākistān 33º 53′ N, 72º 15′ N, commanding the passage of the Indus just below the junction with the Kābul river. Atak was founded by Akbar in 989/1581 (under the name Atak-Banāras) to defend the main invasion route from Kābul via Pes̲h̲āwar against the incursions of his brother Mīrzā Hakīm. For contemporary explanations of the name see Firis̲h̲ta, i, 502 and Abu ’l-Faḍl, Akbar-nāma , Bib. Ind. Text, iii, Calcutta 1881-87, 355; for a comment on its possible historical derivation see Cunningham, Arch. Sur . India, ii, 1871, 7.

Coming into British occupation at the…

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Hardy, P., “Atak”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 22 January 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_0834>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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