(2,967 words)

, farīd al-dīn muḥammad b. ibrāhīm . Persian mystical poet. The dates of his birth and death cannot be fixed with any certainty. According to Dawlats̲h̲āh, he was born in 513/1119 and the general belief is that he was killed by the Mongols in Nīs̲h̲āpūr in the year 627/1230. This would mean that he lived to the age of 114, which is improbable, and besides, Nīs̲h̲āpūr was conquered by the Mongols as early as 617/1220. According to a taʾrīk̲h̲ verse in some manuscripts (e.g. Ibrahim Ef. 579), in other sources (Saʿīd Nafīsī, Ḏjustud̲j̲ū , 607), and according to the inscription on the tomb…

Cite this page
Ritter, H., “ʿAṭṭār”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 18 October 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0074>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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