Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Bāb-i Mas̲h̲īk̲h̲at
(418 words)

, (also s̲h̲ayk̲h̲ al-islām kapi̊si̊ , bāb-i fetwā and fetwāk̲h̲āne ), a name which became common in the Ottoman Empire during the 19th century for the office or department of the S̲h̲ayk̲h̲ al-Islām [q.v.], the Chief Muftī of Istanbul. Until 1241/1826 the Chief Muftīs had functioned and issued their rulings from their own residences or, if these were too distant, from rented quarters. In that year, after the destruction of the Janissaries, Sulṭān Maḥmūd II gave the former residence of the Ag̲h̲a of the Janissaries, near the Süleymāniyye Mosque, to the Chief Muftī, who …

Cite this page
Lewis, B., “Bāb-i Mas̲h̲īk̲h̲at”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 02 August 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_0971>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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