(527 words)

, head of the Ḵh̲urramī sect [see k̲h̲urramīs ]; his name is an arabicised form of the Iranian Pāpak. The son of an oil-merchant from al-Madāʾin (or, according to some, the descendant of Abū Muslim), he was following an obscure calling in Ad̲h̲arbayd̲j̲ān when he was noticed by Ḏj̲āwīd̲h̲ān b. Sahl, head of the Ḵh̲urramīs. who died shortly afterwards. Bābak claimed that the spirit of Ḏj̲āwīd̲h̲ān had entered into him, and began to stir up the people living in the region of al-Bad̲h̲d̲h̲, a place, not extant to-day, situated in the mountainous region of Arrān, not far from the Araxes [see ād̲h̲a…

Cite this page
Sourdel, D., “Bābak”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 14 November 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_0979>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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