Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(1,655 words)

I. The navy of the Arabs up to 1250. Although Near Eastern writers in mediaeval times did not address themselves specifically to the subject of baḥriyya , references to seafaring activities made by Arab, Byzantine, southern and western European chroniclers, geographers and travellers, as well as pertinent details found in the Arabic papyri and the Geniza documents, provide a considerable body of information concerning the rise and fall of the Arab navy.

The naval requirements of the Arabs were dictated by the necessity of defending their Mediterranean territories—s…

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Ehrenkreutz, A. S., “Baḥriyya”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 12 November 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_8392>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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