Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Bārūd
(16,103 words)

i. — general

In Arabic, the word nafṭ (Persian nafṭ) is applied to the purest form ( ṣafwa ) of Mesopotamian bitumen ( ḳīr —or ḳārbābilī ). Its natural colour is white. It occasionally occurs in a black form, but this can be rendered white by sublimation. Nafṭ is efficacious against cataract and leucoma; it has the property of attracting fire from a distance, without direct contact.

Mixed with other products (fats, oil, sulphur etc.) which make it more combu…

Cite this page
Colin, G.S., Ayalon, D., Parry, V.J., Savory, R.M. and Khan, Yar Muhammad, “Bārūd”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 20 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0101>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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