Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(16,103 words)

i. — general

In Arabic, the word nafṭ (Persian nafṭ) is applied to the purest form ( ṣafwa ) of Mesopotamian bitumen ( ḳīr —or ḳārbābilī ). Its natural colour is white. It occasionally occurs in a black form, but this can be rendered white by sublimation. Nafṭ is efficacious against cataract and leucoma; it has the property of attracting fire from a distance, without direct contact.

Mixed with other products (fats, oil, sulphur etc.) which make it more combu…

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Colin, G.S., Ayalon, D., Parry, V.J., Savory, R.M. and Khan, Yar Muhammad, “Bārūd”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 20 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0101>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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