Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Bast
(610 words)

(Pers.), “sanctuary, asylum”, a term applied to certain places which were regarded as affording an inviolable sanctuary to any malefactor, however grave his crime; once within the protection of the bast , the malefactor could negotiate with his pursuers, and settle the ransom which would purchase his immunity when he left the bast. In Persia the idea of bast was connected in particular with (1) mosques and other sacred buildings, especially the tombs of saints (for example, in 806/1404 Tīmūr is said to have recognised the tomb ( mazār ) at Ardabīl of S̲h̲ayk̲h̲ Ṣafī al-Dīn, the fou…

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Savory, R.M., “Bast”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 27 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_1270>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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