Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(881 words)

(batum), port in Soviet Transcaucasia on the Black Sea, capital of the autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic of Ad̲j̲aristān, built on the site of an old Roman port, Bathys, constructed in the reign of Hadrian and later deserted for the Byzantine fortress of Petra, founded under Justinian on the site of the present Tzik̲h̲is-Tziri to the north of Batumi.

A former possession of the Laz kingdom, the region of Batumi (the Ad̲j̲ar district) was occupied briefly by the Arabs who did not hold it; in the 9th century it formed part of the principality of Taoklard̲j̲eti, and …

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Quelquejay, Ch., “Batumi”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 19 January 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_1292>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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