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(493 words)

, (Persian Bāwend), an Iranian dynasty which ruled in Ṭabaristān for over 700 years (45-750/ 665-1349). The centre of the dynasty was the mountainous area, although they frequently ruled the lowlands south of the Caspian Sea. The name is traced back to an ancestor Bāw who was either 1) named Ispahbad of Ṭabaristān by Ḵh̲usraw Parwīz (Rabino, 411), or 2) a prominent Magian of Rayy (Marquart, Ērānšahr , 128, where an etymology of the name is also given). The several rulers of the Bāwand dynasty were called ispahbad or malik al-d̲j̲ibāl , and they were usually independent, though someti…

Cite this page
Frye, R.N., “Bāwand”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 24 February 2019 <>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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