Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Bayt al-Māl
(8,636 words)

, in its concrete meaning “the House of wealth”, but particularly, in an abstract sense, the “fiscus” or “treasury” of the Muslim State.

I. The Legal Doctrine. ‘Bilāl and his companions asked ʿUmar b. al-Ḵh̲aṭṭāb to distribute the booty acquired in Iraq and Syria. “Divide the lands among those who conquered them”, they said, “just as the spoils of the army are divided”. But ʿUmar refused their request . . . saying: “Allāh has given a share in these lands to those who shall come after you” ’ ( Kitāb al-Ḵh̲arād̲j̲ , 24. Le Livre de l’Impot Foncier , 37). In this alleged decision of ʿUmar lies…

Cite this page
Coulson, N.J., Cahen, Cl., Lewis, B. and R. le tourneau, “Bayt al-Māl”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 07 December 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0109>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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