Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Beg or Bey
(624 words)

, a Turkish title, “lord”, used in a number of different ways. The various dialect forms ( bäg , bäk , bek , bey , biy , , pig , etc.) all derive from the old Turkish bäg as seen from the Ork̲h̲on inscriptions (8th Century) and the Chinese transcriptions concerning the Turks of Mongolia of the same period. The word has no Altaic origin (Mongol begi being a later loanword from Turkish; the series Turkish bärk , bäk/Mongol bärka , bäki “strong, sound”, etc., owes nothing to the old Turkish bäg and should be dissociated from it; the same is true of the series: Turkish bögü , bög “wise-man, sorcerer” Mo…

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Bazin, L. and H. bowen, “Beg or Bey”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 13 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_1353>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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