Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Berātli̊
(308 words)

, i.e., holder of a berāt, a name given in the late 18th and early 19th centuries to certain non-Muslim subjects of the Ottoman Empire, who held berāts conferring upon them important commercial and fiscal privileges. These berāts were distributed by the European diplomatic missions, in abusive extension of their rights under the capitulations. Originally intended for locally recruited consular officers and agents, they were sold or granted to growing numbers of local merchants, who were thus able to acquire a privileged and protect…

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Lewis, B., “Berātli̊”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 02 December 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_1372>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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