Bilāl b. Rabāḥ
(658 words)

, sometimes described as Ibn Ḥamāma, after his mother, was a companionof the Prophet and is best known as his Muʾad̲h̲d̲h̲in . Of Ethiopian (African?) stock, he was born in slavery in Mecca among the clan of Jumaḥ, or in the Sarāt. His mas ter is sometimes given as Umayya b. Ḵh̲alaf [q.v.] but also as an unnamed man or woman of the same clan. He was an early convert— some sources credit him with having been the second adult after Abū Bakr to accept Islam. Owing to his status he suffered heavy punishment and torture, especially, it is stated, at t…

Cite this page
ʿArafat, W., “Bilāl b. Rabāḥ”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 14 December 2018 <>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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