Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Bilawhar Wa-Yūdāsaf
(1,526 words)

, heroes of the Kitāb Bilawhar wa-Yūdāsaf ( Būd̲h̲āsaf ), an Arabic work deriving ultimately from the traditional biography of Gautama Buddha, and subsequently providing the prototype for the Christian legend of Barlaam and Josaphat.

Contents of story. To the long childless king Janaysar, a pagan ruler of Sūlābaṭ (i.e., Kapilavastu) in India, a son is born by miraculous means. The king names him Yūdāsaf (better: Būd̲h̲āsaf = Bodhisattva). An astrologer predicts that the prince’s greatness will not be of this world; the king therefore confines …

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Lang, D.M., “Bilawhar Wa-Yūdāsaf”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 15 July 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0120>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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