(702 words)

is the name by which the Queen of Sheba is known in Arabic literature. The story of the Queen’s visit to King Solomon (based on I Kings X, 1-10, 13) has undergone extensive Arabian, Ethiopian, and Jewish elaborations and has become the subject of one of the most wide-spread and fertile cycles of legends in the Orient.

The name Bilḳīs does not appear in the Ḳurʾān but is current with Muslim commentators. Sūra XXVII, 15-45 reflects some of the principal elements of the Sheba legend and describes the sun-worship of the Queen, how a hoopoe ( hudhud ) carries a letter to her from Solomon, the …

Cite this page
Ullendorff, E., “Bilḳīs”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 10 December 2018 <>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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