Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Bīrūn
(101 words)

, in Persian ‘outside’, the name given to the outer departments and services of the Ottoman Imperial Household, in contrast to the inner departments known as the Enderūn [q.v.]. The Bīrūn was thus the meeting-point of the court and the state, and besides palace functionaries included a number of high officers and dignitaries concerned with the administrative, military, and religious affairs of the Empire.

Bibliography

D’Ohsson, Tableau général de l’Empire Othoman, vii, Paris 1824, 1-33

Ismail Hakkı Uzunçarşılı, Osmanlı Devletinin Saray Teşkilâtı, Ankara 1945, 358 ff.

Gib…

Cite this page
Lewis, B., “Bīrūn”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 07 December 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_1437>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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