Bis̲h̲r b. al-Muʿtamir
(768 words)

( abū sahl al-ḥilālī ), born in Bag̲h̲dād, from where he went to Baṣra where he met Bis̲h̲r b. Saʿīd and Abū ʿUt̲h̲mān al-Zaʿfarānī, both companions of Wāṣil b. ʿAṭāʾ (founder of the Muʿtazilite school) who initiated him in the principles of the school. Another of his masters was Muʿammar b. ʿAbbād al-Sulamī. After his return to Bag̲h̲dād, Bis̲h̲r was able to win a large number of converts to the iʿtizāl . Hārūn al-Ras̲h̲īd, who was hostile to the Muʿtazilite doctrine, threw him into prison. Bis̲h̲r thereupon composed some forty thousand Unes of remarkably eloquent verse on “justice” ( al-ʿad…

Cite this page
Nader, A.N., “Bis̲h̲r b. al-Muʿtamir”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 10 December 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_1451>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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