Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(913 words)

, an artificial talismanic word formed from the elements of the simple three-fold magic square

expressed in Abd̲j̲ad by

Other groups of letters from that square are similarly, but not see generally, used, e.g. , and together From some, also, larger squares are built up, as a four-fold on and a six-fold on . In the older Arabic books on magic (e.g. S̲h̲ams al-maʿārf of al-Būnī [q.v. in Suppl.], d. 622/1225) this formula plays a comparatively minor part; but after it was taken up by al-G̲h̲azālī and cited in his Munḳid̲h̲ min al-ḍalāl (ed. Cairo 1303/1886, 46, 50, tr. W. Montgomery Watt, The faith…

Cite this page
Macdonald*, D. B., “Budūḥ”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 22 May 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_1395>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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